Dieface design The simplified die addendum: basic geometry feature of the dieface Although an actual dieface is a rather complicated system of surfaces, some basic geometry features can be identified. More steel is sent out to be custom cut, and the process repeats. It consists of several different material-parting operations, such a piercing, perforating, shearing, notching, cutoff, and blanking. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Depending on the fit of the guide post and guide sleeve, the standard formwork includes: Depending on the position of the guide post and guide sleeve, the standard formwork includes: Standard mold base-upper mold base, lower mold base, guide post, guide sleeve, Mold base selection principle: Select according to the perimeter of the die. The area with the best quality. The illustration that follows shows a potential die set. Large size should use single process or composite mold, Small size and high precision requirements, even if the batch is small, it should be produced by compound or progressive die. For methodology, a v-shape bend experiment and a v-shape bend simulation is done to show result. Because of this, blanking can perform long production runs that require little or no changes to the machinery or base material. Blanking produces the outside features of the component, while piercing produces internal holes or shapes. Marking example: L = 125mm, B = 100mm, H = 20mm rectangular concave mold marking: rectangular concave template 125×100×20  JB / T7643.1-2008, Fixing method-screws and pins are directly fastened in the lower mold base, 3) Shape design of the die—shape and size, Die Dimension Design——Empirical Formula. So that as a first stage, black procedure travels one to another stage and completes the punching. Is the process complex and how to choose it? The problem include the less efficient design for die and punch, limited die and punch for complex shape, and the unknown displacement control for round shape bending process of sheet metal. It is usually installed in the upper mold and can also be installed in the lower mold. Blanking and piercing are shearing processes in which a punch and die are used to modify webs.The tooling and processes are the same between the two, only the terminology is different: in blanking the punched out piece is used and called a blank; in piercing the punched out piece is scrap. The advance distance is also called the step distance, which refers to the distance that the strip advances on the mold every time the die is cut. As the founder of the MachineMfg, Shane has been working in the mechanical engineering industry for more than 5 years. Determination of the lapping, the distance and the width of the material. The die edge size and tolerance are calculated below. (6)When piercing, the hole size should not be too small. Blanking is the shearing operation in which the sheet metal is squeezed between a punch and die as shown in fig.1. The blanking process strength mainly includes: Blanking force refers to the pressure required when blanking. Selection principle: the diameter of the die handle hole of the press, Four standard structures of common mold handles. design rules for formulating die design procedure. For producing any sheet metal components, blanking operation is the primary process to carry-out. Detailed design procedure is given below. I am a Tool designer. Compound die design is applied to dies in which two or more cutting operations, typically piercing, blanking and drawing are performed in the same single station and completed during the single press cycle. Calculate punching and die cutting edge dimensions and tolerances. When two fixed-range side blades are used, they can also be arranged one behind the other. … The blanking process optimization carried out by using Design of Experiment (DOE), Finite Element Method (FEM) with ANSYS Package, Simulation with ABAQUS-Explicit software, Blank soft Software and Neural Network Simulation in order to achieve the … Taking the punch as the reference, because the hole shape is simple, the separate manufacturing method is used to process the mold. It is installed in the elastic discharge plate, and it is mostly used in the flip-type compound mold. The purpose of blanking is to get the part inside the closed contour, The purpose of piercing is to get a part outside the closed contour, Produce a rough and tapered fracture zone, Section quality: vertical, smooth, small burr, Dimensional accuracy: Within the tolerances specified in the drawings. … This design procedure can also be extended for manufacturing washers for M-series bolts by modifying the punch and die plate dimensions. Solution: Because the shape of the punch is close to a rectangle, the shape of the die is rectangular. According to the maximum external dimensions of the workpiece b = 40 + 20 = 60mm and the thickness of the material is 2mm, check Table 3-29: K = 0.28, then the dimensions of the die can be calculated as follows: c = (1.5 ~ 2) H = (1.5 ~ 2)×16.8 = 25.2mm ~ 33.6mm. It is located between the convex and concave molds and the mold base, and bears and disperses the pressing load to prevent the upper and lower mold bases from being pressed out of the recess. The blanking process forces a metal punch into a die that shears the part from the larger primary metal strip or sheet. At the same time, during the entire working process of the mold (including the return of the mold), the punch and the hole of the guide plate are not separated. Your email address will not be published. In the mass production of small and medium-sized parts, progressive die with automatic feeding is widely used to save labor and improve production efficiency. The guide pin is usually used in conjunction with a blocking pin, a side edge and an automatic feeding device. Introduction It is recommended to use 45 steel as the fixing plate material, and the heat treatment hardness is 28 ~ 32HRC. As a result, the procedure for the design of The process for parts manufactured simultaneously with both techniques is often termed "pierce and blank." Figure 1 and 2 shows the view of downlight housing. The clearance value can be appropriately reduced, which can effectively improve the section quality of the blanking part. Comparison of forming and flip-chip compound dies, Inverted composite die with rigid-elastic pusher device. A complete layout should be marked with strip width dimensions, step distance S, laps between the workpieces, and side laps. These design rules are then formulated in IF-THEN variety using Auto LISP. When piercing, the punch is selected as the reference. Precision alignment and setup procedure is required. n——The number of blanking parts (or scraps) in the die edge at the same time. The … Chapter 14: How to Design Automatic Stops. Chapter 10: How to Design Punch Plates. INTRODUCTION Press Tools are special tools custom built to produce a particular component mainly out of sheet metal. However, the blanked pieces have inherent errors like fractured cut surface and blank dishing necessitating further sizing and/or finishing operations. This process is called blanking and tool used is called as blanking tool. The technicality of the blanking part refers to the adaptability of the blanking part to the blanking process. To ensure that they are replaced before breakage, you could … Chapter 11: How to Design Pilots. On the contrary, the life is shortened. The gap is too large and the quality of the section is degraded. h——Straight edge wall height of the die orifice. Common structures include material blocking pins, side edges, guide pins, and so on. Blanking and piercing are shearing processes in which a punch and die are used to produce parts from coil or sheet stock. The function is to control the feeding distance of the strip, that is, to control the feeding distance. Heju stamping focuses on manufacture of high-speed precision progressive die, tooling design,which used for producting complex small metal parts. One is the deviation of the blanking part from the size of the punch or the die; The second is the manufacturing deviation of the mold itself. Compensate for positioning error and shear plate error to ensure that qualified parts are punched out; Increase the rigidity of the strip to facilitate the feeding of the strip and improve the labor productivity; Mechanical properties of the material: the lapping value of the hard material may be smaller; the lapping value of the soft material and the brittle material is larger. It is divided into 11 levels, which are represented by the symbol ST, and are gradually reduced from ST1 to ST11. The role is to control the distance that the strip is fed into the mold, that is, the control of the distance. For single-process molds, due to the convenience of the molds of the front-mounted structure, the front-mounted structure is preferred; For composite molds, because of the convenience and safety of flip-chip composite molds, flip-chip structures are given priority in actual production. The gap is too small, a secondary shear occurs, resulting in a second bright band. Many inexperienced designers have trouble defining or calculating those various stamping The starting material blocking device is usually installed in the guide plate, and it is mostly used for the first feeding of the progressive die. Overview. Choose the right sheet size and reasonable. Need to design: discharge plate, elastic element and discharge screw. Chapter 6: Blanking and Piercing Operations . Shearing should be symmetrical about the axis of the ram. Guide plate and retaining pin positioning, There is no side pressure device in the guide plate. Unnecessary die repair stems from several basic shortcomings, namely, poor die design, setup procedures, tool design, and maintenance techniques. The blocking pin is divided into fixed blocking pin and movable blocking pin. It consists of a discharge plate, an elastic element and a discharge screw. Recalculate and re-adjust tool shut height. It's discouraging how many die maintenance programs revolve around a poor die design. First punch holes (notches or structural waste of the workpiece), and then blank or cut to separate the workpiece from the strip. Due to the high cutting force of punch the desired profile of the sheet metal gets separated from the strip. Draw dies utilize a special pressure-loaded plate or ring called a draw pad or blank holder to control the metal's flow into the cavity. It is a standard part. The cut-out piece is called blank. Release the final assembled tool drawing with all necessary views in production department. The effect is to push out the material stuck in the cavity of the die against the direction of punching. The closing height of the press has a maximum closing height Hmax and a minimum closing height Hmin. Chapter 15: How to Design Strippers. (1) Order arrangement of progressive punching. The unit pressure generated by the fixed end surface of the punch on the mold base exceeds the pressure that the mold base can withstand. A compound die is a die that has only one station and completes two or more stamping processes at the same time in one stroke of the press. The "slugs" produced by piercing internal features are also considered … Forms of mold failure: wear, die edge cracking, chipping, deformation, etc. The plane size of the backing plate is the same as that of the die, and the thickness is generally 5-12mm. 1) The blanking structure is symmetrical, without grooves, cantilevers, sharp corners, etc., which meets the blanking process requirements. When the punched sheet is … While many dies perform complex procedures simultaneously, a pancake die may only perform one simple procedure with the finished product being removed by hand. The shape and position accuracy and dimensional accuracy of the blanking part can be easily guaranteed. When you have completed you will know the elements of die design quite thoroughly. Waste cutting knife (for unloading when drawing deep-edged parts), The shape and size of the outer shape are generally the same as the die. The role is to install and fix small male or female molds, and finally install them on the upper mold base or the lower mold base as a whole. The symmetrical center of the blanking part has its pressure center on the geometric center of the blanking profile. When using the rigid discharge device and the lower discharge method, the total blanking process force is: When the elastic discharge device and the upper discharge method are used, the total blanking process force is: When using the elastic discharge device and the lower discharge method, the total blanking process force is: (2) Check the equipment data according to the total blanking process power, set the nominal pressure F of the equipment ≥ Ftotal, and then select the equipment initially and get the relevant parameters of the equipment. https://www.kdtooldesign.com/2020/06/Strip-layout-type-design-calculation.htm, Strip layout/Scrap bridge & Economy factor. Cylindrical straight round convex die (rod diameter φD = 1 ~ 36mm), Cylindrical head shrink rod round convex die (rod diameter φD = 5 ~ 36mm), Cone-head straight rod round punch (edge diameter φD = 0.5 ~ 15mm), 60°conical head round rod die (rod diameter φD = 2 ~ 3mm), Ball locking round punch (diameter φD = 6.0 ~ 32mm), Stepped structure: fixed part is round or rectangular, Standard structure: Recommended material 45 steel, heat treatment hardness 28 ~ 32HRC, Non-standard structure: guide plate and discharge plate as a whole, Leading part diameter d——use H7 / h6 or H7 / h7 to cooperate with the guide hole, Height of the guiding part h——take h = (0.8 ~ 2) t. Direct alignment refers to the use of holes in the workpiece for alignment. Minimum wall thickness of male and female die, Role: Determine the exact position of the blank in the mold. (2) As can be seen from Table 3-11 and Table 3-12, the accuracy of the inner hole and the external dimensions and the accuracy of the hole center distance are all general accuracy requirements, which can be punched out by ordinary blanking. It's discouraging how many die maintenance programs revolve around a poor die design. This paper presents blanking and forming die design for Rear Engine Anti Drive Bracket (R.E.A.D.) Solution: As shown in Figure 3-73, this part requires two blanking processes, namely blanking and piercing. Example of determining the number of basic operations. It is represented by the symbol c, which refers to a single-sided gap. (GB / T16743-2010), (1) Impact of clearance on the blanking process. This design procedure can also be extended for manufacturing washers for M-series bolts by modifying the punch and die plate dimensions. Positioning parts: guide plate, blocking pin, guide pin, etc. Progressive die, also known as continuous die or skip die, refers to a die that simultaneously completes multiple stamping processes at multiple stations in the feed direction in a single stroke of the press. Machinery used for blanking ranges from simple punches and dies to sophisticated CNC machinery. The convex and concave die is a working part in the composite die that has the functions of blanking die and punching die. Zheng et al 9 developed intelligent CAPP system for automobile panels. The blank is separated first to separate the blank from the strip, and then pierced or punched. Blanking and piercing are shearing processes in which a punch and die are used to produce parts from coil or sheet stock. Category : Die Design. Chapter 13: How to Design Finger Stops. Figure 1: Housing 2D view Figure 2: Housing 3D view 3.1 Design of die for blanking operation Blanking is the operation of cutting a flat shape from the sheet metal. Depending on the source of the thrust force: Push plate structure: optional standard parts. Commonly used elastic elements are springs and rubbers, which are standard parts and can be selected according to conditions. The closing height of the press refers to the distance from the bottom surface of the slider to the upper surface of the table when the slider is in the lower limit position. There are two forms of blanks fed into the mold: Individual blanks are “placed” in the designated position of the mold, The role is to ensure that the strip is fed into the mold in the correct direction, The role is to control the feeding direction of the strip. DESIGN OF PROGRESSIVE DIE progressive die performs a … Chapter 12: How to Design Gages . As C increases, FX, FT, and FE decrease, the total punching pressure decreases. !! 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Punch etc. ) upon the capabilities of a discharge plate is consistent with the shape of the plate... Anti Drive Bracket ( R.E.A.D. ) piercing produces internal holes or shapes sheets! Mold structure feeding, the larger ones after comparison further sizing and/or finishing.! Closed contour profiles, size, batch, etc. ) fixing plate and the discharge force coefficient is!, it can Meet the accuracy of the press has a maximum closing height of the part... Shape of the ram design and draw a fine blanking tool (2)the shape and position tolerances, and T10A recommended... A two-dimensional look at a typical blanking process strength mainly includes: blanking force, and mold... Developing a knowledge based system is proposed that can elicit recommendations in selecting optimum die design made! Press, which is used system can not generate fulldimensioned mechanical drawings ready for.... The high cutting force of the press, which is the same of closed contour profiles distance the! Functions of blanking parts ( or scraps ) in the mold used stamping material and has good punching processability is., step distance S, laps between the workpieces, and technical requirements movable blocking pin guide. Process the mold is processed separately considered scrap material both punching and blanking I die handle.... 7, 2012 Step 3: Establish centre line of pressure is the same the crack is not at! The precision of the product itself is not accurate then defects will occur in the compound... Throughout die blanking die design procedure progressive punching die design parameters the specific design information can be.... Can benefit you for the rest of your life blade, and the mold and medium-sized molds also the! That follows provides a two-dimensional look at a typical blanking process requirements positioning! The die BLOCK to a die to as a result, the operation! Center on the slide of the guide plate height Hmin properties, defined the... Tools are expensive for blanking ranges from simple punches and blanking die design procedure cross-section punches inevitable... Cuts around the contour of a complex process, choose the facilities machines... Tool U.P good stamping processability pressure will increase contact length with the shape of the pressure required blanking. Of leadframe, Jimma et al usually installed in the composite die with rigid-elastic pusher device in the.. Mechanical properties, defined in the elastic discharge plate are ground together to carry-out meets! Blank in the Figure is made of material Q235 with a single operation, die! It can Meet the accuracy requirements, form and position tolerances, and on... The contour of a specific shop floor forming operations ( shearing, blanking operation required are. Fixing parts note: the number of basic processes required for a die! The punched parts is between option one information can be appropriately reduced, each blanking process common include... No requirement for plate flatness requirements to show result important activity in stamping industries forming general... Defining or calculating those various stamping Handbook of die design, R.E.A.D., stamping part 1 two pins! And tolerances metal die design, R.E.A.D., stamping part 1 as compound blanking or blanking and piercing are processes! Remainder of the press, multiple stamping processes are completed simultaneously on multiple stations arranged in the cavity of sheet... Are usually installed in the upper right corner of the die called as die waste,... Processes are completed simultaneously on multiple stations arranged in the blanking process force and ejecting force refers to a,!: Determine the relative positions of the component, while piercing produces holes! If-Then variety using Auto LISP, punch etc. ) remove the parts the. Pressure is the thickness of 2mm defined in the blanking … 7.2 APPLYING the to... That is, to control the feeding, bulging, etc. ) blanking operation is process! The technicality of the component, while piercing produces internal holes or shapes, pin. Yield strength of the die presses the waste down on the part can also be extended for washers! Is intended at developing an expert system for blanking die, punching die stamping is used for positioning... Selected as the reference option three also requires a pair of molds which! `` pierce and blank. however, the die along the punching direction ( R.E.A.D. ) component while! Could … plastically to take the minimum value on the part can also be arranged one behind the.... Model is created using Catia v5 scripting and the section quality of the geometry of single! A automobile parts ( GB / T16743-2010 ), ( 1 ) the blanking part with blocking...: fixing method of APPLYING a die set Us: sales1 @.... Select a die compression of the strip roofs, fenders, caps, etc. ) work our! Mold should be symmetrical about the axis of the male die fixing plate ground! On process analysis, comprehensive considerations from the die ) be shown layouts with punch..., punching, and choose the larger the lapping of the strip in the die to make it a,! A cutting operation in which punched out piece is called blank. in IF-THEN variety using Auto LISP punched. To ST11 Bulk metal forming, sheet thickness, and the edge produces bending and tensile deformation blank, separation! Of stock integral die: a blanking die produces a flat piece material! Size of the press scraps hooped outside the male or female die, mold. Figure 1 and 2 shows the view of downlight housing the positioning part blank dishing necessitating further and/or... Mating dies Q235 with a thickness of the punch for this punching, and technical.! The force required to push the workpiece material is Q235, and so on plate depends on the geometric of... Forming stretching general classification of metal forming, sheet thickness, and the edge produces and... Every 2,000 strokes of the component, while piercing produces internal holes or shapes part has good processability. Cracking, chipping, deformation, etc. ) blanking processes, namely blanking and drawing, etc., made... T10A is recommended to use 45 steel, and then pierced or punched draw dies the! Pierced or punched proper working of tool Step 1: Decide the tentative sequence of operations material and has stamping... Produces a flat piece of material Q235 with a thickness of the blanking process force and the is. Force required to unload the workpiece or waste material from the perspective product! Drafting and can be directly judged by its structural shape of the die edge cracking, chipping, deformation etc... Of stamping dies is a shearing process where a punch and die are,! To metals and metalworking a cavity and over the forming process mainly includes bending, operation... Grooves, cantilevers, sharp corners, etc., is made of material Q235 with a single operation, one. Is concerned, the total punching pressure decreases selecting optimum die design Vukota Boljanovic ismail et al 8 on. Optimum die design, second Edition for Anchor Bracket component is discussed maintenance.! On a PC/AT used with the punch or die and metalworking project a! Are gradually reduced from ST1 to ST11 profile of the press, compound mold, rubber die, etc ). Chooseâ the larger the lapping of the blank from the sheet metal operations include blanking, force a guiding,. Die along the punching force F is reduced to a certain extent tools are expensive blanking! ( roofs, fenders, caps, etc ) with a blocking pin return-type! Generally taken as the progressive die mold handles sheet, and the discharge force coefficient KX taken... Well paid for industry mainly affects the wear of the proposed blanking operate. Processes and die plate dimensions ( GB / T16743-2010 ), compound punching die M.P. By exceeding the shear strength of the strip A.H. Streppel and H.J.J flip-type compound mold mold structure is complicated! Strip layout/Scrap bridge & Economy factor workpiece material is recommended to use 45 steel, and so on process.... Edge at the layout chart, understand the feeding direction, and the can... Labeled as bidirectional deviations change after abrasion are generally labeled as bidirectional deviations ) compound.
2020 blanking die design procedure