A Special UN Commission on Palestine recommends the partition of historic Palestine into two separate states, one Jewish and the other Arab, with Jerusalem placed under international supervision. Nasser asks the United Nations to withdraw its observers, and Egypt closes the Gulf of Aqaba on the Red Sea to Israeli navigation. Howver, in Egypt, the hope for economic prosperity as a divided of peace helps to make the Egyptian populace amenable to the visit. World War I begins. By the spring of 1948, more than 400,000 Arabs will have fled their land or been expelled. Major Events in the Relatively Recent Past. The Camp David Accords will result in the 1979 signing of a treaty stipulating Israel’s return of the Sinai territory to Egypt. – Spain occupies the northern tenth of Morocco (the Ifni region on the Atlantic coast and the enclaves of Ceuta and Melila). The Middle ages has been a hot topic for centuries, which period was from the 5th all the way to the 15th century in Europe and the Middle East. “Operation Desert Storm,” the U.S.-led war against Iraqi occupying forces in Kuwait, is launched. May 3, 1916. In the skillfully orchestrated “May Reform Movement,” he accuses the council’s members of plotting to overthrow his government, and imprisons or exiles most of his fellow former Free Officers. All three invade Egypt in an attempt to regain control of the canal and to topple Nasser; they will ultimately fail to achieve their objectives, due mainly to pressures from the United States and the Soviet Union. Thousands of other Islamists are also arrested and interned in camps specially set up in the south of the country. Hussein, who served as Egyptian Minister of Education from 1950 to 1952, was also the author of a very controversial thesis on pre-Islamic poetry. Because of its military tactics against Israeli occupation and its political rhetoric, Hamas quickly gains the support of the disenfranchised Palestinian masses. – Israeli army units, under the direction of Israeli Defense Minister Ariel Sharon, invade Lebanon in order to drive the PLO out and prevent further attacks on northern Israel. Middle East; Egypt profile - Timeline. A short war ensues and Algeria seizes Moroccan territory in the northeast. Approximately 960,000 Palestinian refugees (mostly in Gaza, Jordan and Lebanon) are registered for relief by the UN. Public timelines; Search; Sign in; Sign up; 20th Century in Middle East Timeline created by harrypotterfan43. The Algeciras Conference, organized with the help of U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt, prevents war between France and Germany over colonial rights in Morocco. A human disaster has begun, with thousands of Palestinian refugees pouring into neighboring Arab states. Israel and Jordan are involved in a number of border skirmishes. This public challenge earns Yacine several years’ internship in a psychiatric hospital and in jail, and he is later placed under house arrest. Saddam Hussein became vice chairman of the council in 1969. Saudi King Faisal is assassinated by a member of the royal family. 21st Century. – Abd al-Rahman Youssoufi, a socialist and opposition leader, is appointed Prime Minister in Morocco. – Abd el-Krim’s Rif Rebellion is put down in Morocco, and he is deported to Réunion. One of the Madrasian sites is Attirampakkam which is located near Chennai city (formerly Madras). A printable version of this timeline is available for download at the bottom of this page. In December, Arafat announces that the PNC recognizes Israel as a state and condemns terrorism in all its forms — including state terrorism, i.e, that being perpetrated by Israel. -The American Arab Anti-Discrimination committee is formed by US senator Jim Abourezk to advocate for Arab-American rights and a balanced US policy in the Middle East. Gamal Abdel Nasser is elected president of the UAR. See, also, “The Tragedy of Lebanon” for more about these events. The organization will come to include a variety of Palestinian groups and will become the primary political representative of the Palestinian people. Abdul Aziz ibn Saud conquers Mecca and Medina. – Kuwait, which is part of the Ottoman province of Basra, is declared a protectorate by Britain, with the aim of blocking a potential Ottoman challenge and a planned German-sponsored railway through the region, which might pose a threat to British interests in the area and in India. close ... 1956 January - Egypt and Britain relinquish control over Sudan, established at end of 19th century. Over the next several years, Bendjedid’s policies will strengthen the power of the sole legal party, the National Liberation Front (FLN), and will engage in liberal economic reforms intended to dismantle the socialist system build by his predecessor. During his visit to Jerusalem, Sadat addresses the Israeli Knesset, and prays at the al-Aqsa mosque, accompanied by Palestinian religious authorities. T he 20th Century Art / Middle East sale (20- 27 October) will feature a stunning selection of works from the most sought after artists from the modern era to the contemporary period. 1930s - White City built. 1909 - Tel Aviv founded near Jaffa. -France determines that the Druze and the ‘Alawites should each have a separate state within the Syrian mandate, effectively cutting the two groups off from political participation in greater Syria. Thousands of young men and women from the refugee camps join al-Fatah, and Arafat becomes a major player on the Middle East scene. Two months later, Juhayman and 63 followers are publicly beheaded, but the incident leads to an “Islamic Awakening” led by Wahabi clerics. Habib Bourguiba, perceived as the father of modern Tunisia, is elected as the first president of the country. Egyptian dispatches troops to support the new socialist republican regime, but they are met by the fierce resistance of royalist Yemeni tribal forces, which are themselves supported by Saudi Arabia, Iran and Jordan. – Anwar Sadat and Menachem Begin are both awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts to reach a peace agreement. – Abdul-Karim Qasim, an army officer, becomes the ruler of Iraq after overthrowing the pro-Western monarch and prime minister. As the timeline below, we are introducing some remarkable events at Europe and Middle East during the Medieval periods. ( FLN ) in Palestine catches Israel ( and perhaps even the PLO drawn. King Idris – Soviet forces enter Afghanistan in December to prop up the middle east timeline 20th century... Mandela is jailed in South Africa until 1990 28 September 1970 ) two countries will not ratified... 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